How Does Investing Work?

Sean Casterline
3 min readMay 12, 2023

Everyone needs money, with most people working throughout their lives to generate income, buy essential goods, and maintain a good lifestyle. Along with everyday work efforts to satisfy immediate needs, investing describes a range of financial actions dedicated to future gains. When you invest in particular assets with foresight and intelligence, you can generate funds to safeguard your financial future and improve your quality of life.

What is Investing?

Investing is a broad term that describes the process of buying assets that increase in value over time. People use a variety of investment strategies to generate returns in the form of income payments or capital gains. For example, bank accounts generate interest, shares appreciate in value, and property assets lead to rental income or capital growth.

  • Income payments provide ongoing funds on a short to medium-term basis. If you buy and manage certain assets, you can generate cash flow without selling the asset.
  • A capital gain is a form of financial growth delivered as a finalized sum. If you sell an asset for more than you bought it for, it has risen or appreciated in value.

Common Investment Assets

In finance, you can invest in multiple assets and value classes, including accounts, securities, and real estate.


Investment accounts represent the first step of the investment ladder. Most bank accounts generate interest payments, and some accounts are solely designed to generate interest as a form of income. Unlike transactional accounts, which are meant for daily use, savings accounts and other interest-based assets are designed to rise in value over time. Due to the compound nature of interest, and the competitive rates offered for these accounts, they can become part of a viable investment strategy.


The term “security” refers to all interchangeable and negotiable financial instruments that hold monetary value. This field of investing is incredibly large and diverse. Overall, securities can be defined as debt, equity, derivative, or hybrid securities that combine debt and equity. Marketable securities are specific investments that are bought, sold, or traded on public exchanges. This includes typical examples like stocks, bonds, preferred shares, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

Real Estate

Investing in property is a common strategy that can be very rewarding. Investors range from individuals and families to large corporations, and asset classes include everything from apartments and houses to commercial buildings. This versatile form of investing provides ongoing short-term gains through rental income and long-term capital gains through property sales. While no investment is totally without risk, real estate offers stable long-term growth potential backed by real physical assets.

Individual Risk vs Reward

In the world of investing, the most obvious balancing act is the relationship between risk and reward. Increased rewards typically come with greater risks, which need to be considered based on your personal circumstances and financial goals. There’s also a time factor, with large rewards generally safer when they’re delivered over an extended time frame. Finding the ideal balance between risk and reward is a key part of every investment strategy.

When selecting financial instruments, it’s important to consider your budget and lifestyle. For example, while some assets offer the potential of great rewards, increased volatility can influence cash flow, affect other investments, and increase stress levels. Finding the perfect strategy involves balancing short- and long-term gains and being honest about your risk appetite and tolerance.

If you want to manage risk properly, consider contacting a wealth manager and diversifying your investment portfolio. When you spread risks across multiple asset classes and time frames, you can limit exposure and give yourself a better chance of succeeding. Whatever assets you hold, working with an investment expert can help you grasp a better understanding of investing and find a forward with clarity and confidence.



Sean Casterline

Wealth Manager at Delta Capital Management located in Maitland, Fl.